In catering design process, designers through analyze the establishments of light environment, from the natural light and artificial light in the dining room of different use, build good repast environment for catering space, create a rich and harmonious dining environment.
It follows that there are two forms of light environment.
The design of the dining space involves all aspects, rather than just hiring a designer. In the future, every article of 5DD will continue to focus on these aspects.
Well, today we're going to talk about catering and designing a light environment!
Two forms of light environment
Natural light is:
Building great master corbusier said in his book to a new building to: master architect can not ink, with sunshine, sunlight on the buildings produce unexpected light and shadow, is on building the image of the engraved on the memory.
Natural light is natural, its unique language ability, motif in composition, as the space theme, foil atmosphere using space, can meet the psychological, people are longing for the sun and the designer through clever design, let the sun through the space inside, in the form of different form different kinds of space environment, it is not by artificial light.
There are three factors influencing natural light:
1. During the day, the sun will change its direction of entry as the sun moves.
2. The intensity of sunlight varies from time to time
3. Changes due to geographical, seasonal and weather conditions.
However, the use of natural light is limited, so it is not used as the main lighting tool in the dining space environment.
Relative to natural light, artificial light is very free controllable use, designers can plan according to the restaurant business lighting, artificial light can be controlled by the artificial free direction, time, strength, etc.
Because it is controllable, it can create delicate and diversified spatial environment effects, so it is used as the main lighting source in the dining space light environment.
Problems in the design of catering space light source
A lot of dining-room spent a lot of money to decorate, but the effect is bad still, problem basically appears on illuminant.
In foreign country, when a lot of dining-room is being decorated, lamplight should invite illuminant stylist to design technically, visible illuminant is important to dining-room environment.
Current problems in the light environment of domestic food and beverage stores:
1, many restaurants operator with respect to lighting design is not seriously, just think does not affect the dinner, but the influence of light source on the dining environment, and a good lighting environment to attract a large number of customers;
2. The color temperature of the lighting source is not designed according to the operation of the restaurant;
3. There is no sense of hierarchy between the light and the dark.
4. The lighting arrangement is not reasonable, and the style is not in harmony with the interior design style of the restaurant, and the lighting cannot bring any help to the food.
The light source of different dining space environment is used
The lightness and darkness of the light environment can directly affect the atmosphere of the catering space, so the lighting design of different catering properties is also different.
1. Chinese restaurant
The lighting methods of Chinese restaurants include general lighting, mixed lighting and local lighting.
General illumination, it is to dining-room interior whole undertakes illume, do not consider local illume, make repast environment and table face illuminance is roughly even illume a way.
This is a simple style, relatively popular customer groups of restaurants often use the lighting.
Mixed lighting is a combination of general lighting with uniform illumination and local lighting for dining surfaces.
This lighting method has a strong sense of hierarchy and forms a lighting space only for the guests of this table, which is often used in the lighting design of high-end restaurants.
The interior lighting environment of traditional Chinese restaurants is bright and bright (usually between 60-2001x), so as to set off a warm and magnificent atmosphere.
The lighting design of Chinese restaurant should make the illumination even and avoid the strong contrast of brightness as far as possible.
Compared with the bright and transparent Chinese restaurants, western restaurants have higher requirements on privacy, and the overall lighting style is softer, highlighting the elegant and romantic atmosphere through the enhancement of local brightness.
Western restaurant lobby generally cannot take more scattered light source, because too much light will make the table, even in the lobby for dining customers, also don't want their table become the focus of attention in order to make the customer can be in the full sense of private dining, lobby lights must not be too scattered.
On the other hand, when customers unconsciously scan the surrounding environment, they set up key light sources in places that can highlight the spatial characteristics.
Customers want to feel "cool" feeling, need to use the narrow halide lamp light to foil the atmosphere of sharp, sharp, and when the customers want to feel the feeling of "soft", you need to use indirect lighting, cooperate space impression, adjust the number of light sources.
Theme restaurants have become popular with restaurant owners and customers in recent years.
Use a space to elaborate culture and theme more need lamplight to foil.
The light source design of the theme restaurant will be set according to the theme of the restaurant, but the layers will be very strong.
Shuimu kam tong escape, for example, belong to the teppanyaki restaurant of southeast Asia style, in addition to the green plant inside dining-room, the bar, entrance, table light is bright outside, the rest of the light is weaker, this design can create a feeling of dining in a natural environment, very artistic conception.
Lighting design for different areas of the restaurant
Through the strength of the light intensity of illumination and light color changes can be easily split out the different regions of space, space the table in the restaurant is usually layout in the layout of relatively free seat area and the booth area.
The layout of this kind of table makes the space become agile.
In the scattered area, the top light of uniform arrangement is generally adopted, and the choice of lamps and lanterns can vary from person to person according to the design.
General use ceiling lamp and embedded tube lamp, also can use adornment droplight.
For the seating area, the lighting requirements will vary slightly.
The form of mensal decided its lamps and lanterns and the difference of light, can decorate special shoot the lamp or set local illume on table commonly, this appears local illume is in the importance of block seat area.
Additional, the adornment wall lamp of appropriate amount is rich dimensional administrative levels necessary means.
If natural light can shine through the building's own skylights or side Windows into the interior, there will be more flexibility in the design of its rings.
For example, the lighting facilities in the restaurant are controlled according to the indoor light, so that the combination of artificial light and natural light can achieve a wonderful lighting effect.
From certain level, natural light is the design inspiration source of all kinds of artificial light's lighting methods, the rich and varied form of light will make the corresponding adjustment according to the actual need.
For the space illumination insufficient or needs to emphasize the space characteristic.
At this time can choose the electric light source with stronger operability or line light source to make up for it.
By lighting different functional areas with different intensities, it can make use of light to surround a functional space, so that the spatial layers are more distinct and artistic effects are more abundant.
Small make up summary: a both aesthetic and functional lighting design features, first of all need to be able to adapt to the space partition and space on top of that if you can join the design essence and narrative of the space, light also became one of the most vivid part of dining space design.