Every year after the Spring Festival, there will be a "difficult recruitment" phenomenon, especially this year, the manufacturing industry "labor shortage" problem is particularly prominent.
Recently, in the article "More and more young people prefer to take-out rather than go to factories" published by "Wu Xiaobo Channel" of Weixin DaV, one third of the American troupe takeout riders work as workers in the production industry before delivering takeout.
Lighting industry belongs to one of the industries of capacity removal.
"Less than 50% of factory returns" is not a case
Foshan, Guangdong Province, the industrial structure is dominated by manufacturing industry. It is also one of the important bases of LED lighting industry in China. There is a strong demand for manufacturing personnel.
Wang Ping (alias), a conscientious front-line ordinary employee in Foshan manufacturing industry chain.
Wang Ping, 70 years later, Guangxi native, introduced to a lighting enterprise in Foshan five years ago in the countryside, and has worked in the numerical control position for more than five years. Not long after Wang Ping came in to work, the villagers resigned. It is said that part of the reason is that they feel their income is too low.
"Now many factories are piecemeal, if not overtime, wages will not be too high. If you want to get more than 4500 yuan a month, you need to work at least 10 hours a day. Moreover, the industry is not in a good mood now, whether you can work overtime depends on the order quantity. The salary is not high, the work content is relatively dull, and fewer and fewer people are willing to come to work in factories. Is it not difficult to recruit workers?
Like Wang Ping, the average employees in production workshops are mainly post-70 employees, followed by post-80 employees, and only a few young employees are post-90 employees. The age gap is very obvious. Wang Ping told us that when he first entered the factory, there were still some young people in the factory. Later, he didn't want to continue working in the factory. Now, there are no young people to be recruited.
According to Wang Ping, the factory had a long vacation years ago, and they started work on the 16th of January. At present, less than half of the front-line workers in the production workshop are on duty. However, this situation is by no means Wang Ping's factory, many small and medium-sized photo enterprises are also facing the problem of "labor shortage".
Mr. Xu, the director of personnel in charge of recruitment in Wang Ping's factory, revealed that the recruitment situation in the factory this year was even more severe than in previous years, with a large gap in front-line general workers and a return rate of less than 40%. The recruitment situation in the talent market is also unsatisfactory, with fewer job seekers and fewer people applying for general jobs.
In Zhongshan, Dongguan, Huizhou and other cities in the Pearl River Delta, the phenomenon of manufacturing enterprises competing for front-line employee job seekers also occurs from time to time.
Where on earth have all the front-line ordinary workers gone?
Why is it so difficult to recruit now? Where are all the people?
It is reported that the return rate of Foshan Lighting after the Spring Festival this year exceeded 90%, and resumed to the pre-festival mass production rhythm on the tenth day of the first lunar month. It can be seen that for brand enterprises and listed companies, the problem of "difficult recruitment" has been slightly alleviated.
One HR, who has been engaged in lighting industry for many years, said that besides brand companies and listed companies with relatively stable salaries and salaries, many small and medium-sized photo enterprises are now facing recruitment difficulties more or less for many reasons:
1. The economic development of provincial and non-provincial areas is fast, the wage gap is not large, and the number of migrant workers is decreasing.
2. The real economy is in a recession. Most small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises have insufficient profitability. Limited by cost and profit factors, employees'salary increases are limited.
3. After 1990, young people "fled" the manufacturing industry and would rather earn less than go to work in factories...
According to the analysis of "Wu Xiaobo Channel" of Weixin DaV, the average monthly income of full-time horsemen who are hungry is over 8000 yuan, and part-time horsemen can also reach 4000-8000 yuan. Combined with the cost performance ratio, the salary level of manufacturing industry has already been "lost" in takeout industry. Manufacturing industry can't recruit people when people go up.
All kinds of reasons are further exacerbating the situation of "labor shortage" in manufacturing industry.
"I've thought about changing jobs, but I'm still on the lookout. After all, I've stopped working." But the income of other jobs of the same kind is similar. After working here for more than five years, it's better to be a cook than a cook. This hesitant and entangled mentality is not only Wang Ping's, but many ordinary workers are no exception.
Chen Mou, a former general worker in a lighting company in Zhongshan, is now delivering takeouts to the beauty troupe. According to him, his average monthly salary can reach 7,800.
The problem of "difficult recruitment" is not the only one
Does the difficulty of recruitment mean that the initiative is increasingly in the hands of job seekers?
According to Xiao Wang, when the villagers introduced him to the factory five years ago, there was a certain requirement for candidates in the general-purpose jobs at that time. But now, it is very simple to enter the factory. Unless it is a special technical position, the requirements of assembly workers, warehouse managers and other positions are not high.
It is interesting to note that the "points" emphasized in the recruitment announcements are quite different from those in the past, such as the emphasis on "punctual salary on the 20th of each month" and "sufficient orders for companies throughout the year", etc.
As ordinary workers are really difficult to recruit, many enterprises even sent out recruitment news that: a large number of winter vacation workers, temporary workers, preferential treatment, and encourage internal staff to actively recommend introductions, entry success and corresponding bonuses.
Some people analyse that the past 2018 has been a difficult and downturn year for the lighting industry. The recession of the real economy, represented by manufacturing industry, has aroused great concern in the society, and has also affected the enthusiasm of young people to enter the industry for employment to a certain extent.
There's a saying circulating online: 2019 may be the worst year in the past decade, but it's the best year in the next decade.
The economic depression has led to the increasingly severe employment situation. Under the pressure of survival, it is not so much the employment choices of young people that have impacted the real economy as the real economy that has squeezed out most of the young people. The recession of real economy is mainly due to the fact that most enterprises are still at the bottom of the industrial chain, unable to meet the high-end consumer demand of the society.
For the illumination industry, this is also a problem that many enterprises need to think deeply and solve, which is closely related to their own long-term development. After all, the problem of "difficult recruitment" is not the only one.